As a result of the Town’s continued growth, now with a population of more than 10,000 residents, The Town of Firestone is required to implement a program to manage stormwater quality and mitigate common pollutant sources following a phased approach. This program is referred to as a Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4).
The original federal legislation that ultimately led to the requirement to manage the Town’s MS4, was the 1972 Clean Water Act. Initially, the EPA’s focus on stormwater quality was to manage industrial and municipal wastewater. Under Section 402 of the Clean Water Act, a permitting system was established and called the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). The EPA did not see enough reduction in pollutants in federal and state waters, so additional measures were taken to address municipal non point-source stormwater runoff. NPDES Phase I and II were the resulting programs implemented to address municipal stormwater runoff. Phase I of the NPDES program was issued in 1990, and focused on medium to large cities with populations greater than 100,000. Phase II of the NPDES program was issued in 1999, and was designed to regulate stormwater discharges from small MS4s. The EPA defines ‘Small MS4s’ as cities or towns with populations greater than 10,000 but less than 100,000, and as having a population density of at least 1,000 people per square mile.
With the implementation of Phase II of the NDPES program, the EPA was not able to regulate the many thousands of small MS4 entities throughout the country, so regulatory authority was passed down to the individual states. The Water Quality Control Division (WQCD) as part of the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) has been tasked with overseeing Colorado’s NPDES Phase II program. Permits are issued to approved MS4 entities by the WQCD under Colorado’s Regulation 61.
One of the requirements for maintaining the Town’s MS4 permit is to notify the public of any changes and/or additions to the Town’s program. Each year, the Town Board adopts or reauthorizes several methods for notifying the public, currently notices are found at Town Hall and on the Town’s website. The current resolution authorizing places for public notice is found here.
Program Description Document Availability
The Town is required to maintain a current document, called the ‘Program Description Document’ (PDD), which must be available to residents upon request. The PDD document can be viewed here.
Please contact us via email or phone call in the Contact Us section at the top of this page to report any illicit spill or discharge.
An informational brochure can be found here.
Additional Stormwater Quality Resources
Urban Drainage & Flood Control District: https://udfcd.org/volume-three